Category: Continental Congresses and Role in Building a Nation

First Continental Congress

Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia

The First Continental Congress met from September 5th to October 26th, 1774 in Carpenter’s Hall, the seat of the Pennsylvania Congress. Triggered by the Intolerable Acts, the purpose of the Congress was to present a united voice to the authority of Great Britain. Fifty six delegates from 12 colonies attended, they were chosen by their […] more

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Ride of Paul Revere

Word arrived that the newly formed  had chosen to defy the British government. General Gage was ordered to suppress the rebellion in Massachusetts and seize the leaders of the Sons of Liberty, among them Samuel Adams and John Hancock. On April 19th, 1775 nearly 800 redcoats were dispatched to Concord, twenty miles west of Boston. […] more

Second Continental Congress

Independence Hall, Philadelphia

The Second Continental Congress succeeded the  and took place in Philadelphia starting on May 10th 1775 right after the. . Independence Hall, home to the Second Continental Congress. . Congress was divided into three factions. One group of conservatives led by John Dickinson, the author of the Letters from a farmer in Pennsylvania, who fought […] more

The Declaration of Independence

Declaration of independence

Congress adjourned in late July 1775 and the Massachusetts delegation returned home. After a four month absence John was anxious to see his family but as soon as he arrived home he was informed that his brother Elihu had died of dysentery. Adams spent his time in Massachusetts with his family and attending sessions in […] more

Role in Congress

Congress working

John Adams served in Congress for four years, from 1774 to the end of 1777. During this time Adams served in a total of ninety committees, of which he chaired twenty. At the end of 1777 John Adams was simultaneously involved in twenty six committees, he was chairman of eight. No other congressman was as […] more

The Massachusetts Constitution

State House Boston

Thoughts on Government As revolution entered its second stage John Adams counseled Congress that the next step towards independence was to build America’s own institutions. John made his view public in a pamphlet published anonymously in April 1776, titled Thoughts on Government.  This pamphlet had an enormous impact on the way government was structured and […] more

Text of the Massachusetts Constitution


PREAMBLE The end of the institution, maintenance, and administration of government is to secure the existence of the body-politic, to protect it, and to furnish the individuals who compose it with the power of enjoying, in safety and tranquillity, their natural rights and the blessings of life; and whenever these great objects are not obtained […] more

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